What Type of Cannabis do You Use?
Depends on the product! We use several types of strains for our oil capsule infusions and most of our baked goods are produced using the same pure THC oil extract (honey oil) that is in our THC Phoenix Tears.
What Process do you use to Extract your Pure THC and CBD?
At our partner laboratory, we use a closed isopropyl-based extraction method to achieve what we call “Amber”, a very clear and clean pure cannabis oil. This oil is then diluted with pure MCT oil (a special coconut oil derivative) to achieve the desired potency. The addition of MCT oil also significantly increases the bio-availability during the digestive process.
What is Bio-Availability?
Bio-availability is a term for how easily a substance is absorbed by your digestive system. Cannabinoids are fat-soluble molecules, meaning that they bind with fats and oils.
This is great for digestion, because natural fats are readily absorbed by your intestinal tract into your bloodstream. To promote absorption even further, we add lecithin to all of our oils. Stomach acid is very strong and will destroy the fragile cannabinoid molecules unless they are protected by binding to a fat molecule.
This is why cannabis should always be accompanied by natural oils and fats (coconut oil, etc.) when ingested. Cannabinoids on their own are simply not very bio-available, which is why eating dry or ground cannabis bud or plant material is one of the least efficient consumption methods.
What Happens When I Eat THC Edibles?
When one smokes cannabis, the THC becomes absorbed into the bloodstream via the alveoli in the lungs. But when ingested, the THC enters the bloodstream first through the saliva glands in the mouth, then through the stomach, then the small intestines, and finally then through the liver. This process takes a much longer time versus smoking, so the onset of a high can take one hour or more. As the THC is metabolized throughout this process, it changes form into 11-hydroxy-THC. This compound is water soluble, as opposed to THC, and creates a stronger high than smoking, which also lasts longer than the high from inhaling cannabis. When compared to the high from smoking, edibles produce more of a “body high”, it takes longer to kick in, lasts longer, and is more potent and psychoactive than the high from smoking.
Keep in mind that the contents of your stomach influence the effects of ingestion. As with most drugs and with alcohol, if your stomach is empty, the high will be more intense.
Is It Dangerous to Eat Edibles?
An overdose on edibles can certainly be uncomfortable, and like any psychoactive substance, it can be dangerous if taken in the wrong quantity and within the wrong circumstance – like smoking or ingesting cannabis prior to driving.
Unlike alcohol and many pharmaceutical compounds however, cannabis alone cannot kill you. There are no registered cases of overdose of cannabis (through ingestion or inhalation) leading to death. If you do over-consume the best place to come down is in your bed or some other comfortable place. Administration of CBD can also help alleviate any undesirable sensations, as CBD can counter-act the psychoactive effects of THC.
How Stable and Reliable are Edibles?
Edibles that use cannabis oils (like ours) as their medicinal ingredient are extremely stable. The food ingredients will spoil long before any changes in potency occur, and standard storage rules for packaged food items should be followed (see next question for storage).
Edibles that use shatter, keif, or hash as their medicinal ingredient are less stable but will also hold potency if kept refrigerated/frozen.
Edibles that do not infuse their products but rather “dip” or “spray” the surfaces of their products with THC (as is the case with many sugar-coated gummy candies, potato chips, etc.) are far less stable and consistent. The medicinal component on the outside is fully exposed to handling damage and loss of potency is almost guaranteed to occur.
What is the Best way to Store Edibles in my Dispensary?
Store baked edibles in a sealed, air-tight container out of direct sunlight. If expected to be sold within two-to-three weeks, we recommend room-temperature storage or refrigeration. After three weeks refrigerate products until freeze-by date, then freeze.
Moisture is the key to think about when storing edibles. Fridges and freezers tend to draw moisture out of baked goods, but will extend the shelf life dramatically. Caution: Moisture that is drawn out of the products will remain inside of a sealed package and promote mold growth. Avoid this by keeping previously-frozen goods in a fridge or freezer until sold.
Are Edibles Illegal?
Persons with a valid medical authorization for possessing cannabis have a fundamental right under the the Charter to possess edibles (Conclusion: R. v Smith – Supreme Court of Canada – June 11, 2015).
However, at this time, no federally-licensed cannabis producers are permitted to produce edibles.
We at Baked Edibles are providing the access to cannabis derivatives required by the Charter that is not being provided by federally-licensed producers.
Owen Smith of R. v Smith was a baker working for the Victoria Cannabis Buyers Club, a compassion club that founded the original bakery from which Baked Edibles evolved.
It's my First Time Using Edibles, How Much do I Take?
Learning how to safely use edibles is a process that varies for each individual and may take several separate attempts to achieve the correct dose. Start with a standard dose, and increase the dose very slowly over a number of trials until you achieve the desired effects.
Ideas of standard doses may vary, but we recommend a starting dose of 2mg of THC. If the desired results are not achieved by this dose, increase the amount slowly on subsequent doses. Baked Edibles offers EnchantMints, dosed at 2mg THC per piece – making this product an ideal beginner’s edible.
As for CBD, there is no set standard dose or general advised daily dose. Administration depends highly on personal physiology and the affliction one is looking to treat. A general rule of thumb in determining proper dose is to take between 1-6mg CBD for every 10 pounds (4.5kg) of body weight.
It is advisable to consult with your physician prior to beginning a regiment of CBD or THC.
How Long Until I Feel the Full Effects of an Edible?
It may take up to 1.5 to 2.0 hours after consuming edibles for full effects to be realized. Many factors dictate how long it will take for the full effects to set in, including previous stomach contents and digestive metabolism. It may be difficult to remember once you’re intoxicated, but the effects are always temporary and the safest place to “come down” is in your bed.
The safest way to self-medicate with edibles is to use trusted products (like Baked Edibles) that are correctly tested and labeled so you can easily compare how you feel given labeled dosage. Dosage and testing accuracy will vary from different suppliers. ALWAYS make sure that your edibles are correctly tested for potency and don’t hesitate to ask your supplier for test results.
Will you Sell Edibles to Me?
As we do not have our own patient-intake process, we only sell to dispensaries and authorized healthcare providers at this time. Ask your local dispensary to contact us for samples of any products you’d like to try!